Defining an Academic Article

What is an academic article? To be considered academic, an article must pass through a specific quality assessment before any journals will take it for publishing. This process includes being reviewed by researchers or referees who are working in the same field that your articles is about. The control of this process is known as peer-reviewing; it was developed to maintain the high-quality standard of academic articles.

If you are interested in writing an academic article or need to write one for a university, then keep reading to find out what elements make one up. The standards of academic articles are very high, and therefore it's critical to stick to the format that is most widely used.

There are actually three types of academic or scholarly articles that can be written:

  • Original articles

These consist of study reports. They describe are meant for discussing results that are taken from research that is done for the first time, not from already published works.

  • Review Articles

These types of articles are critical evaluations that involve already published studies, rather than original research.

  • Theoretical Articles

These are more like reports where the writer is using their knowledge to attempt to create new methodologies or theories that are based on already existing research.

In order to be considered academic, articles usually have a set format, with little deviation from these elements.

The format, outlined below, is a common outline for every type of academic article.

1. Abstract

  • This part contains a brief summary of the entire article, and also a description of the article's objective, its method, results, and a conclusion of your study.
  • Subject words or keywords are used to identify the content of your article, and these should be listed in the abstract.

2. Introduction

  • A general outline of the background research you've done.
  • Present the research questions and objective as well as the study delimitations.

3. Material and Method

  • Your methods in doing the research need to be described very precisely and each stage needs enough detail that the reader could follow it and return the same results that you had.
  • The methods used should match the difficulty and scope of the research.

4. Results

  • Present the results of your research, even negative or unexpected results

5. Discussion

  • Assess the results that you found. How do these compare with results found by other scholars in the field?

6. Bibliography

  • Documents you've mentioned in the article should be listed here.

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